Oral sedation refers to a medical procedure that involves the administration of drugs that are sedative. This happens through the oral route and helps the patients tackle anxiety issues during dental procedures. Since dental procedures may sometimes be invasive and lengthy, oral sedation allows the patients to undergo relaxation and provides them with relief through the procedure. With the use of a proper method, oral sedation makes up for a safe option and helps make the experience of the patients much better.
What is Oral Sedation?
The sedation dentistry involves a procedure that enables patients to remain in the state of relaxation during the procedure and even after. The patient is not, however, put completely to sleep. The patient is well within his senses and can communicate. However, the procedure lightens up the body to the extent that the patients sometimes aver that they do not remember the specifics of their medical treatment.
According to an article, there are mainly three types of sedation procedures, which include nitrous oxide, IV sedation, and oral sedation. Since this article lays focus on oral sedation, we will discuss its suitability for adult patients going ahead.
Safety of sedation
Oral sedation is safe for adults and children alike. If the dentist has undergone proper training for the administration of sedation to the patient, his advice can prove to be useful. There are some important considerations for the dentist to make before providing patients with oral sedation. They are as follows
Information of patients
The knowledge of the procedures of administering oral sedation and its safe usage is a forte of the dentists who have undergone a training period. However, knowing will not be enough when it comes to ensuring optimal safety and suitability of the patients.
According to an article, the dentist conducting the procedure should be well aware of the information related to the patient beforehand. This will help the dentist acquire sufficient knowledge and gauge whether the patient is suitable enough to undergo the procedure of oral sedation. Hence, a qualified dentist shall primarily focus on the medical history of the patient and understand his/her medical report before going ahead with the recommendation of sedation.
Monitoring the patient
While the patients are under the effect of sedation, the dentist must monitor the patient throughout to ensure their maximum safety. Thus, it requires the dentist to keep monitoring the oxygen levels and the heart rates of the patient through the entire process. If these indicators show any downfall, the dentist should be well equipped to take the necessary steps.
Ensure there is a guardian
Patients who wish to or need to go through sedation must bring someone along who can drive them back home after the dental procedure. Since oral sedation might cause a bit of dizziness, it is incumbent upon the dentist to inform patients about this requirement well in advance.
Effectiveness of oral sedation
Among all the different types of sedation procedures available, oral sedation is relatively accessible. According to a study, the process of oral sedation involves the administration of a large dose of sedatives. It differs from premedication, which refers to self-administration of a considerably smaller dose to relieve bouts of anxiety.
This technique comes in handy in cases of patients suffering from mild and moderate levels of anxiety. It is not as effective when it comes to the treatment of patients suffering from high levels of anxiety as per a study. This implies that a section of the public that is highly fearful of the dental procedures would need to take the help of other sedation procedures. For these patients specifically, the intravenous method is the best option.
Although oral sedation is highly effective and safe for the patients, it is difficult to predict how an individual would respond to its administration. Hence, this calls for medical practitioners to be aware of the steps to follow in case of over-sedation.
Oral sedation, in itself, does not guarantee whether the person will go through the state of anxiolysis. Neither does it guarantee that the patient would not suffer from a deeper level of sedation. Thus, the dentists should make sure that the patients take the lowest effective doses for oral sedation in the first instance. Therefore, ensuring that the procedure suits well to the needs of the patient.
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The oral route of medication is acceptable amongst the patients and dentists alike. It is considerably easy, painless, convenient, and inexpensive. These advantages make it a popular choice among people. Moreover, patients feel way more comfortable with ingesting pills than undergoing other elaborate procedures. Thus, oral sedation proves to be a sought-after option amongst the adults.
Generally, the use of oral sedation for adults extends to attain the reduction of anxiety relating to the dental procedures. However, it can also be helpful in being able to get a good night’s sleep a day before the appointment with the dentist. This works in favor of the patients as it allows them to remain in a mode of relaxation and calmness for the dental procedure ahead.
It is best to take the medication in the office of the dentist with proper supervision. Although it is preferable to take it up at least one hour before the dental procedure, the guidance of the doctor helps patients attain the proper benefits of the procedure.
The dentists also make sure that the patient gives written consent before the administration of the oral sedation. This requirement falls under the purview of the local laws of the state or province. In case the patient takes oral sedatives before arriving at the dentist, patients must tender an informed consent on the previous appointment.
Thus, the procedure of oral sedation is completely safe and suitable for administration in adults. However, the dentist’s advice and proper supervision is something that patients should comply with. Its effectiveness makes it a viable option for tackling the issues of anxiety and stress that the patients might suffer.
One Reply to “Is Oral Sedation Suitable for Adult Patients”
Thank you for sharing this; I desperately need this knowledge.